Tag Archives: American Southwest

wish.

“What is Christmas? It is tenderness for the past, courage for the present, hope for the future. It is a fervent wish that every cup may overflow with blessings rich and eternal, and that every path may lead to peace.”  – Agnes M. Pahro

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Snow moon

Snow moon

http://jima828.blogspot.com/2011/02/snow-moon.html

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“Christmas is not a time nor a season, but a state of mind. To cherish peace and goodwill, to be plenteous in mercy, is to have the real spirit of Christmas.”  – Calvin Coolidge

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Bryce Zion stars

Bryce Zion stars

http://www.bishoppeakgroup.net/Landscape%20Images/Arizona-Utah%20Parks/bryce_zion_2010.htm

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“Christmas Eve was a night of song that wrapped itself about you like a shawl. But it warmed more than your body. It warmed your heart… filled it, too, with a melody that would last forever. Even though you grew up and found you could never quite bring back the magic feeling of this night, the melody would stay in your heart always – a song for all the years.”  – Beth Streeter Aldrich

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Zion snow

Zion snow

http://www.bishoppeakgroup.net/Landscape%20Images/Arizona-Utah%20Parks/bryce_zion_2010.htm

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“Christmas is the keeping-place for memories of our innocence.”  – Joan Mills

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Bryce tree fog

Bryce tree fog

http://www.bishoppeakgroup.net/Landscape%20Images/Arizona-Utah%20Parks/bryce_zion_2010.htm

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“It’s been my experience that most folk who ride trains could care less where they’re going. For them it’s the journey itself and the people they meet along the way. You see, at every stop this train makes, a little bit of America, a little bit of your country, gets on and says hello. That’s why trains are so popular at Christmas. People get on to meet their country over the holidays. They’re looking for some friendship, a warm body to talk to. People don’t rush on a train, because that’s not what trains are for. How do you put a dollar value on that? What accounting line does that go on?”  – David Baldacci, “The Christmas Train”

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Bryce

Bryce

http://www.bishoppeakgroup.net/Landscape%20Images/Arizona-Utah%20Parks/bryce_zion_2010.htm

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“This Christmas mend a quarrel. Seek out a forgotten friend. Dismiss suspicion and replace it with trust. Write a letter. Give a soft answer. Encourage youth. Manifest your loyalty in word and deed. Keep a promise. Forgo a grudge. Forgive an enemy. Apologize. Try to understand. Examine your demands on others. Think first of someone else. Be kind. Be gentle. Laugh a little more. Express your gratitude. Welcome a stranger. Gladden the heart of a child. Take pleasure in the beauty and wonder of the earth. Speak your love, and then speak it again.”  – Howard W. Hunter

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snowy utah mountains

snowy utah mountains

http://optimisticarmywife.blogspot.com/2010_11_01_archive.html

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“…freshly cut Christmas trees smelling of stars and snow and pine resin – inhale deeply and fill your soul with wintry night…”  – John Geddes

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Zion

Zion

http://www.thespectrum.com/article/20131205/OUTDOORS/312050013/Snow-makes-Zion-even-more-magical

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“What is the spirit of Christmas, you ask?  Let me give you the answer in a true story…
On a cold day in December, feeling especially warm in my heart for no other reason than it was the holiday season, I walked through the store sporting a big grin on my face.  Though most people were far too busy going about their business to notice me, one elderly gentleman in a wheelchair brought his eyes up to meet mine as we neared each other traveling opposite directions.  He slowed in passing just long enough to speak to me.
“Now that’s a Christmas smile if I ever saw one,” he said.
My lips stretched to their limit in response, and I thanked him for the compliment.  Then we went our separate ways. But, as I thought about the man and how sweetly he’d touched me, I realized something simply wonderful!  In that brief, passing interaction we’d exchanged heartfelt gifts!
And that, my friend, is the spirit of Christ~mas. ”  – Richelle E. Goodrich

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good deed for good red road.

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/17/arts/design/secret-bids-guide-hopi-indians-spirits-home.html?emc=eta1

December 16, 2013
 Secret Bids Guide Hopi Indians’ Spirits Home
By TOM MASHBERG

The auction in Paris was set to move briskly, at about two items a minute; the room was hot and crowded, buzzing with reporters.

More than 100 American Indian artifacts were about to go on sale at the Drouot auction house, including 24 pieces, resembling masks, that are held sacred by the Hopi of Arizona. The tribe, United States officials and others had tried unsuccessfully to block the sale in a French court, arguing that the items were religious objects that had been stolen many years ago.

Now the Annenberg Foundation decided to get involved from its offices in Los Angeles. It hoped to buy all of the Hopi artifacts, plus three more sought by the San Carlos Apaches, at the Dec. 9 sale and return them to the tribes. To prevent prices from rising, the foundation kept its plan a secret, even from the Hopis, in part to protect the tribe from potential disappointment. Given the nine-hour time difference, the foundation put together a team that could work well into the night, bidding by phone in the auction in France.

The foundation had never done something like this before — a repatriation effort — and the logistics were tricky, to say the least.

Two staff members in Los Angeles, one a French speaker, were assigned to the job. The foundation also quietly arranged for a Paris lawyer, Pierre Servan-Schreiber, who had represented the Hopi pro bono in the court proceeding, to serve as lookout in the auction room.

He stood in the back, on the phone to the foundation. Whispering updates to him was Philip J. Breeden, a cultural attaché from the United States Embassy.

“It was intense, like a movie,” Mr. Servan-Schreiber said.

But camouflaging the role of the foundation was crucial.

“I knew nothing good would come out of it if the house knew there were people out to get the whole thing,” he said. “I was sure that would jack up the prices.”

The sale had been assembled by the auction house EVE with pieces from a variety of American tribes that were held by a number of French collectors, all of whom said they had owned the items for many years and had good title to them. Several collectors said they had been impressed by prices realized at an April auction of 70 Hopi artifacts.

The tribe had been angered by the earlier sale as well, which like this auction featured vibrantly decorated Hopi headdresses, known as Katsinam. The tribe, which had gone to court to block both sales, believes the items are not simply religious, but living entities with divine spirits.

Gregory Annenberg Weingarten, vice president and director of the foundation who lives in Paris, had followed the legal battle in the French news media. After the Hopi lost in court on Dec. 6, he went to the auction house to preview the artifacts, all of which are more than a century old.

“These are not trophies to have on one’s mantel,” Mr. Weingarten would say later. “They are truly sacred works for the Native Americans. They do not belong in auction houses or private collections.”

Mr. Weingarten had his California staff tally the presale estimates from the auction catalog and confirm that the objects were authentic. The staff members also became familiar with the Hopi belief system and built a database that would allow them to follow online the bidding on the objects they wanted. Mr. Weingarten approved a budget of $500,000 to $1 million to buy all 27 disputed Native American lots — the 24 masklike Hopi artifacts and three items of divine significance to the San Carlos Apache, also in Arizona. To do so he tapped into a discretionary fund set aside for individual projects.

“It was a leap-of-faith kind of moment for us,” said Leonard J. Aube, executive director of the foundation, which was founded by Walter H. Annenberg, the publisher, philanthropist and diplomat. “Not a lot of foundations are geared up for this kind of clandestine, late-night activity.”

At one point, the owner of the EVE auction house, Alain Leroy, said he had noticed that one phone bidder was grabbing up the disputed Hopi objects and told an employee to check into it. Reassured that the buyer had wired money ahead of time and was legitimate, he says he nonetheless grew frustrated and even muttered aloud that he hoped the secret bidder would “leave some for the others.”

Members of the Hopi tribe were also watching the sale online from Arizona. Unaware of the forces at work on their behalf, they said they became dispirited as item after item sold. Sam Tenakhongva, a cultural director for the Hopi, said when he turned off his lights at 2 a.m., he felt he was saying goodbye to the spirits embodied in the headdresses.

The foundation, however, had enjoyed marked success in the bidding. By the end of the auction, it had spent $530,695 and bought all but three of the 24 Hopi objects and the three other Apache artifacts that the foundation had sought.

And one of the three, a Hopi headdress featuring antelope antlers, had been bought by Mr. Servan-Schreiber on behalf of a couple, Marshall W. Parke, of the private equity firm Lexington Partners, and his wife, Véronique, who had instructed him to obtain what he could as a gift to the Hopis.

Mr. Servan-Schreiber said when it was his turn to bid, he took care to inform the foundation people, “so we wouldn’t start bidding against each other.”

The foundation lost out on only two items, both times, participants said, because of miscommunication. But they secured the auction’s priciest lot, a Hopi Crow Mother headdress that sold for $130,000. The event, which was over in a quick hour, generated $1.6 million in sales.

“It’s a good outcome for the Hopi but not the collectors, I suppose,” Mr. Leroy, the auction house owner, said of the foundation’s tally. The Hopi did not learn of their tribe’s good fortune until several hours later when the foundation sent an email alerting them to its clandestine purchases. Mr. Aube said the Annenberg Foundation, which focuses on civic and community projects, is consulting with the Hopi on how best to return the Katsinam.

The objects, surreal faces made from wood, leather, horsehair and feathers and painted in vivid reds, blues, yellows and oranges, cannot be encased in Bubble Wrap, for example, because it would be seen as suffocating the divine spirits. The Hopi have not identified their plans for these artifacts on their return, but they are not viewed as art objects or housed in museums. Typically, Katsinam are still used in spiritual ceremonies or are retired and left to disintegrate naturally.

For Mr. Tenakhongva, the fact that the Katsinam had to be bought and paid for, even by benefactors, was a bittersweet nod to the reality that some American Indian artifacts have become highly sought, expensive commodities.

“No one should have to buy back their sacred property,” he said. “But now at least they will be at home with us and they will go to rest.”

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appreciate.

“Both abundance and lack exist simultaneously in our lives, as parallel realities. It is always our conscious choice which secret garden we will tend… when we choose not to focus on what is missing from our lives but are grateful for the abundance that’s present — love, health, family, friends, work, the joys of nature and personal pursuits that bring us pleasure — the wasteland of illusion falls away and we experience Heaven on earth.” –Sarah Ban Breathnach

http://daringtolivefully.com/gratitude-quotes

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cliffs north of Colorado City AZ

 

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Filed under Geology, Healing, Nature, Travel

if.

It’s not an original story – that of dreaming of winning a lottery or some other unexpected windfall.  But I read something the other day that caught my attention and it wasn’t the first time I read the question either.

The question was, “If you could live anyplace, if money was no object, where would you go?”

Have I considered that question or one very similar to it? Sure, many times. It’s interesting how my dreams and fantasies have changed over the years.  Years ago, it was buying a corporate jet and having the opportunities to visit many places around the globe.

Nephi

If I could live anyplace where would I go? One place that keeps coming up as a very good memory is visiting friends a few times who lived in a 200 year old adobe home in Nephi, Utah.  The last time I visited was October, 1983. The walls were a foot thick, there were old hardwood floors with large area rag rugs over them, vintage sheer curtains in the deep-set windows (like my grandmother used to have on her windows..) and a large, black pot-bellied wood stove that was used for heat.

For some reason, that simple, old fashioned, very solidly-built house felt like home to me. I always felt extremely safe, very comfortable and thought it would be lovely to live in an old home like that.

nephi ut

http://www.century21.com/real-estate/nephi-ut-84648/LZ84648/

Another place where I have been countless times over many years is to the Flagstaff, Arizona area.  so many visits that I looked for homes there. Just south of Interstate 40 is an area where many different types of homes were built. Kachina Village I think they called it. There was once one home, an adirondack style one built adjacent to the National Park forestland that I really liked. But when the real estate agent and I went back to her office near NAU campus in Flagstaff, the home had already been sold.  It was very disappointing and I took it as a sign there was another, better-suited home for me.

151_kachina_trail_rear

http://activerain.com/states/AZ/cities/Flagstaff/communities/Kachina%20Village

Because there are many, many places I’ve visited over and over throughout the Four corner states as well as a number of places still on my bucket list, I think living in this area would allow me to take trips to visit old favorites and experience new ones too.  Attending lectures on geology, archaeology and anthropology at several of the colleges and universities in Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and Utah is something I always wanted to do.

Museums, lectures, archaeological sites, National Parks, National Forests and other similar activities are something I want to be part of my life. There is nothing remotely like that here.

Huge sky that allows a mile-long train to be seen at a distance……now that is my kind of geography rather than the ant-hill closeness of the U.S. Northeast.

When is the right time to give myself permission to just pack up and go? There is no more taking care of elderly parents and no other reason to stay in this awful area that feels so pinched and violent. What in the world am I doing here?

West, ah, west. Been there, done that for many years. After thirteen years of being back east, it is time to move back west.

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Language.

“In indigenous, oral cultures, nature itself is articulate; it speaks.  The human voice in an oral culture is always to some extent participant with the voices of wolves, wind and waves – participant, that is, with the encompassing discourse of an animate earth.” – David Abram

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Near Providence Mountain

Near Providence Mountain

http://www.panoramio.com/photo/33785086

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“….the synaesthesia between the human eyes and ears is especially concentrated in our relation to other animals, since for a million years these “distance” senses were most tightly coupled at such moments of extreme excitement, when closing in on prey, or when escaping from others…..Yet our ears and eyes are drawn together not only by animals, but by numerous other phenomena within the landscape.  And strangely, wherever these two senses converge, we may suddenly feel ourselves in relation with an expressive power, another center of experience.” – David Abram

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Clipper Valley

Clipper Valley

http://www.mojavenp.org/clipper.htm

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“Trees, for instance, can seem to speak to us when they are jostled by the wind.  Different forms of foliage lend each tree a distinctive voice, and a person who has lived among them will easily distinguish the various dialects of pine trees from the speech of spruce needles or Douglas fir……Certain rock faces and boulders request from us a kind of auditory attentiveness, and so draw our ears into relation with our eyes as we gaze at them, or with our hands as we touch them – for it is only through a mode of listening that we can begin to sense the interior voluminosity of the boulder, its particular density and depth.” – David Abram

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Providence Mountain

Providence Mountain

http://www.panoramio.com/photo/33785084

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There is an expactancy to the ears, a kind of patient receptivity that they lend to the other senses whenever we place ourselves in the mode of listening – whether to a stone, or a river or an abandoned house.  That so many indigenous people allude to the articulate speech of trees or of mountains suggests the ease with which, in an oral culture, one’s auditory attention may be joined with the visual focus in order to enter into a living relation with the expressive character of things.” – David Abram

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Providence Mountains

Providence Mountains

http://www.geolocation.ws/v/P/33785082/providence-mountains-state-recreation/en

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“Far from presenting a distortion of their factual relation to the world, the animistic discourse of indigenous, oral peoples is an inevitable counterpart of their immediate, synaesthetic engagement with the land that they inhabit.  The animistic proclivity to perceive the angular shape of a boulder…..as a kind of meaningful gesture, or to enter into felt conversation with clouds and owls – all of this ‘could be brushed aside as imaginary distortion or hallucinatory fantasy if such active participation were not the very structure of perception, if the creative interplay of the senses in the things they encounter was not our sole way of linking ourselves to those things and letting the things weave themselves into our experience.  Direct, prereflective perception is inherently synaesthetic, participatory and animistic, disclosing the things and elements that surround us not as enert objects but as expressive subjects, entities, powers, potencies.” – David Abram

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Filed under American Southwest, Geology, Healing, Nature

Road.

“Road rule 11:  The straighter the road you’re on, the more your mind wanders a curving path.  As your vehicle hurtles forward in space, your thoughts meander backward in time, often stopping to linger with a memory as if it were a historic marker on the roadside.

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Driving Monument Valley

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First Corollary:  Each place you stop exists in layers of time as well as space. The present is merely an intersection of the winding roads of the past.” – Dayton Duncan

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Driving Monument Valley

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1984.

Sante Fe Luminarias

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Thanksgiving Day, 1984 I flew from Los Angeles to Santa Fe, New Mexico and stayed at El Paradero Bed and Breakfast.  It seemed like 0-dark-hundred when the alarm went off at 4:00 a.m. to drive from Irvine to LAX for a 7:00 a.m. flight.

By the time I landed in Albuquerque, wrestled suitcases off the carousel, rented a car and drove seventy or so miles north to Santa Fe, it was early afternoon.  After checking in and exploring El Paradero a little, it felt as if I had entered a very different place.  It felt considerably drier and I felt sleepy at the high altitude.  Still, I was excited about experiencing whatever Santa Fe’s treasures might be.

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El Paradero Bed and Breakfast

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The people at El Paradero prepared a New Mexico-style Thanksgiving supper with turkey and all kinds of trimmings. The stuffing had tiny bits of different peppers, pine nuts and other tasty morsels I didn’t recognize. The B&B owners told me about New Mexico’s blend of cultures and how that impacts food tastes.

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Thanksgiving Sante Fe Scallops

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After an incredible meal, some of the guests and I took a walk and the cold, dry air felt wonderful.  There were a few dry snowflakes falling as we walked past some shop windows with antiques from Mexico, Native American sterling and turquoise jewelry and pottery.  Businesses were closed and the streets were quiet, almost hushed.

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The next night a group of us took a drive around Santa Fe and I saw luminarias or farolitos for the first time in person rather than photographs. It was magical and I laughed out loud with delight at the beautiful candle-lit adobe buildings all over town.  Everywhere I looked, there were various sizes and types of bags filled with sand and a lit candle.  I had never seen anything like it before.

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“The whole of the life — even the hard — is made up of the minute parts, and if I miss the infinitesimals, I miss the whole. These are new language lessons, and I live them out. There is a way to live the big of giving thanks in all things. It is this: to give thanks in this one small thing. The moments will add up.” – Ann Voskamp

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Mesa Verde.

“The farther backward you can look, the farther forward you are likely to see.” – Winston Churchill

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Mesa Verde Kiva

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Mesa Verde, Spanish for green table, offers a spectacular look into the lives of the Ancestral Pueblo people who made it their home for over 700 years, from A.D. 600 to A.D. 1300. Today, Mesa Verde National Park protects over 4,000 known archeological sites, including 600 cliff dwellings. These sites are some of the most notable and best preserved in the United States.

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Mesa Verde National Park is located in southwestern Colorado midway between Cortez and Mancos off US 160.

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Park Point

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View to the west of the north side of Mesa Verde, which looms high above the Montezuma Valley in southwest Colorado. The great Aztec ruler Moctezuma (whose name was later corrupted to Montezuma) never came this far north but early American settlers attributed the nearby ruins to his dynasty in Meso-America (Mexico). When the Anasazi (or Ancestral Puebloans if you like) lived here in the 13th century AD, there were over 40,000 inhabitants of the Montezuma Valley, more than twice the current population of Cortez, Colorado.

The north flank of the mesa is carved into south-dipping sediments that are of Cretaceous age. As rocks fall off of the edge of this escarpment, it retreats slowly through time to the south (towards the left in this view). That means that these layers once extended up slope farther to the north (to the right) and onto the southern flank of the San Juan dome, a Laramide-age uplift present in southwest Colorado. The rate of retreat on this escarpment can likely be figured out using rates from nearby areas on the Colorado Plateau and may be on the order of about one meter every 2,000 years.

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Mesa Verde North

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Beyond Mesa Verde to the west is the Sleeping Ute Mountain, a laccolith about 28 million years old.

http://earthly-musings.blogspot.com/2012/09/more-colorado-geology-mesa-verde.html

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Mesa Verde sandstone

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The angled beds of sandstone here are likely point bar deposits from a stream meandering on a coastal plain, some 82 million years ago. As the Cretaceous Seaway retreated to the east, it exposed a low-lying plain that was coursed by many rivers. A map of Menefee time is provided two images down. The black layers are coal seams within the Menefee Formation.

http://earthly-musings.blogspot.com/2012/09/more-colorado-geology-mesa-verde.html

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Spruce Tree House

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A view of Spruce Tree House in Mesa Verde National Park. The inhabitants used local blocks of the Cliff House Formation to construct these dwellings. The Cliff House represents deposition as the Cretaceous Seaway crept back over the Mesa Verde area about 80 million years ago.

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Square Tower House

Square Tower House always delights visitors with its four story tower and symmetric preservation. Note the desert tapestries that streak the inside walls of the alcove. These form wherever water preferentially drips from above, allowing for the growth of desert varnish.

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Cliff Palace

The largest cliff dwelling in the US is Cliff Palace with more than 250 rooms. It was an ideal location to build a small village as it receives much winter sun and summer shade. It is built within one of the larger and most well-developed alcoves in MVNP. The alcoves form within the Cliff House Formation, which consists of two massive sandstone bodies separated by a softer sandy shale. This alcove formed at the contact of the upper sandstone and the sandy shale horizon. It was here that groundwater pooled and dissolved the cement in the upper sandstone long before the canyons were cut. Upon exposure the weakened sandstone disintegrates progressively to form the alcove.

http://earthly-musings.blogspot.com/2012/09/more-colorado-geology-mesa-verde.html

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Cliff Palace ruin

A close-up view of the heart of Cliff Palace ruin with a park ranger and lone visitor for scale on the far right. This is reportedly the very first ruin that was glimpsed by Richard Weatherill and Charlie Mason in December, 1888 and is what led to the discovery of this entire ruin complex.

http://earthly-musings.blogspot.com/2012/09/more-colorado-geology-mesa-verde.html

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Manos and metates

Manos (hand-held grinding stones) and metates (grindiing surfaces) lay upon the “frozen” ripple marks of the Cretaceous shoreline. Certainly these people must have wondered about the lithified ripples that are so clearly exposed on the floor of Balcony House……..

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Balcony House

…..especially with such detail of preservation! These are exposed in another ruin site located on Long Mesa. They look as if a foot print today could be made in soft sand. The ripple marks are symmetrical meaning that they likely formed in the broad swath of tide zone, rather than on a river floodplain. The water in a tidal zone is bi-directional and the ripples then become symmetrical in cross-section. In a river, the water is uni-directional and the ripples are formed asymmetrically.

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“Mesa Verde is an archaeologists paradise but another fascinating aspect of a visit here lies in its geologic story. What geologic thinking provides us is a way to shift time scales instantaneously – such as when we see a 1,000 year old metate laying on top of 80 million year old ripple marks.” – Wayne Ranney

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Enigmatic.

“Rocks are records of events that took place at the time they formed. They are books. They have a different vocabulary, a different alphabet, but you learn how to read them.” – John McPhee

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Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area

http://www.treehugger.com/natural-sciences/10-gorgeous-waterfront-campgrounds-in-the-us.html

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Located in Northeastern Utah and Wyoming, it encompasses 1,384,132 acres of National Forest – 1,287,909 in Utah and 96,223 in Wyoming – with elevations ranging from 6,000 to over 13,500 feet.

http://www.wyomingtourism.org/thingstodo/detail/Flaming-Gorge-National-Recreation-Area/3040

Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area was established by Congress October 1, 1968. The area contains 207,363 acres of land and water, almost equally divided between Utah and Wyoming.

http://www.fs.usda.gov/detail/ashley/specialplaces/?cid=stelprdb5212203

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Pronghorns of Antelope Flats, Flaming Gorge

http://www.onthewingphotography.com/wings/category/locations/utah/flaming-gorge-national-recreation-area/

In 1869, Major John Wesley Powell, on expedition down the Green River, looked in awe at this magnificent country and named it Flaming Gorge. Today the brilliant red cliffs are scenic attractions for thousands of visitors annually. Managed by the Ashley National Forest Service including the section of the Green River below Flaming Gorge Dam, this rugged wildland stretches from Wyoming high deserts, where herds of antelope play along the lakeshore, to the forested slopes of Utah’s Uinta Mountains.

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Flaming Gorge is famous for its trophy lake trout. Good number of 30+ pound fish are caught each year. The Utah record went 51 lb 8 oz, and there may yet be a bigger one swimming in the reservoir. Fishing is also very good for rainbows, brown trout, kokanee salmon and smallmouth bass.

http://www.utah.com/nationalsites/flaming_gorge.htm

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Flaming Gorge

http://www.sharetheexperience.org/entry/8290937-Flaming-Gorge-National-Recreat?offset=3&sort=upload%20DESC&channel=20427

Stratigraphy of Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area:

http://3dparks.wr.usgs.gov/coloradoplateau/flaminggorge_strat.htm

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Petroglyphs have been found, giving evidence that American Indians lived in, or passed through, the area hundreds of years before the first Europeans arrived. To these natives, the Green River was known as the Seeds-ka-dee-a, the Crow Indian word meaning prairie hen.

Petroglyphs and artifacts suggest that Fremont Indians hunted game near Flaming Gorge for many centuries. Later, the Comanche, Shoshoni, and Ute tribes, whose members spread throughout the mountains of present-day Colorado and Utah, visited the Flaming Gorge country.

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South of Green River, UT in Labyrinth Canyon

http://healutah.org/nuclearutah/energy/greenriverreactors

Labyrinth Canyon is located on the Green River below the town of Green River, Utah. It is one of the best flat-water river sections in the West. Steep red canyon walls, smooth water, wildlife, and solitude are some of the features that you can expect while paddling in this area. There are tremendous hiking opportunities in the side canyons that line the river, with chances to explore stone arches, ancient rock art, and ruins. This section is suitable for paddlers of all abilities.

http://www.summitpost.org/labyrinth-canyon-green-river-utah/298066

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Canyonlands is a place of relative geologic order. Layers of sedimentary deposits systematically record chapters in the park’s past. With some exceptions, these layers have not been altered, tilted or folded significantly in the millions of years since they were laid down by ancient seas rivers or winds.

Upheaval Dome is quite a different story. In an area approximately three miles (5km) across, rock layers are dramatically deformed. In the center, the rocks are pushed up into a circular structure called a dome, or an anticline. Surrounding this dome is a downwarp in the rock layers called a syncline. What caused these folds at Upheaval Dome?

http://www.nps.gov/cany/naturescience/upheavaldome.htm

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Aerial Upheaval Dome

http://www.airphotona.com/image.asp?imageid=82

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When geologists first suggested that Upheaval Dome was the result of a salt dome, they believed the land form resulted from erosion of the rock layers above the dome itself.

When meteorites collide with the earth, they leave impact craters like the well-known one in Arizona. Some geologists estimate that roughly 60 million years ago, a meteorite with a diameter of approximately one-third of a mile hit at what is now the Upheaval Dome. The impact created a large explosion, sending dust and debris high into the atmosphere. The impact initially created an unstable crater that partially collapsed. As the area around Upheaval Dome reached an equilibrium, the rocks underground heaved upward to fill the void left by the impact. Erosion since the impact has washed away any meteorite debris, and now provides a glimpse into the interior of the impact crater, exposing rock layers once buried thousands of feet underground.

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Upheaval Dome

http://live-feed.blogspot.com/2007/07/pic-alternating-rock-layers-in-utah.html

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The rim of Upheaval Dome is 3 miles across and over 1000 feet above the core floor. The central peak in the core is 3000 feet in diameter and rises 750 feet from the floor.

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Green River & Upheaval Dome

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Green_River_%26_Upheaval_Dome,_UT.jpg

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Both origin hypotheses account for the overall structure of Upheaval Dome, assuming approximately a mile of overlying rock has been eroded. The main differences between the two hypotheses are the amount of time and the pressures needed to produce the structure.

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Upheaval Dome area

http://www.pmags.com/four-days-on-the-colorado-plateau-canyonland-arches-and-colorado-national-monument

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In 2007, German scientists Elmar Buchner and Thomas Kenkmann reported finding quartz crystals that were “shocked” by the high pressure of a meteorite impact. Many geologist now consider the mystery of Upheaval Dome’s origin to be solved.

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34 miles around Upheaval Dome

http://runsuerun.blogspot.com/2010_10_01_archive.html

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Stucturally, it’s a dome, but topographically, it’s a crater. Simply stated, the entire structure appears as an eroded, 5.5 km (3.4 mi.) diameter crater surrounded by concentric rings composed largely of siltstone and sandstone. The central portion of the dome is a topographic depression eroded 350 m below the surrounding escarpment, which is ringed by a syncline and breached by a canyon cut through its west wall. The innermost portion of the crater has a central uplift or peak with a complex sequence of folded and faulted strata with an imbrication of thrust slices piled against the central peak and splayed towards the southeast.

Stratigraphically, Permian age White Rim and Cedar Mesa Sandstones of the Cutler Group lie at the center, the oldest exposed rocks of the dome. Upheaval’s rocks are progressively younger from its center to the rim. Like the layers of an onion, outwardly lie Triassic strata of the Moenkopi and Chinle Formations, Jurassic age Wingate Sandstone, Kayenta Formation and Navajo Sandstone. The outer rocks of Upheaval Dome dip outward, anticlinally, in all directions from the central peak. Non-resistant formations such as the Kayenta and the Chinle are eroded into strike valleys that encircle the center. Resistant sandstones stand tall as circular ridges, outermost of which is the Navajo. Upheaval Dome is located within the boundaries of the Paradox basin, and is therein underlain by the salt-bearing Pennsylvanian Paradox Formation.

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muddy stream that drains Upheaval Dome

http://www.lostjeeps.com/forum/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?t=46915

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The Enigma of Upheaval Dome: Diapiric Salt or Ground Zero?

http://written-in-stone-seen-through-my-lens.blogspot.com/2011/05/enigma-of-upheaval-dome-diapiric-salt.html

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Upheaval Dome Geology

http://geology.utah.gov/surveynotes/geosights/upheaval_dome.htm

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More recently, researchers (Daly and Kattenhorn, 2010) have theorized a combined impact-salt diapiric event. They believe that the deformation styles at Upheaval Dome actually represent a meteorite impact that decreased the pressure of the overlying rocks and subsequently triggered the vertical flowage of salt. Salt flow may have bulged the Paradox Formation later in a ring surrounding the center of the impact without significant salt diapirism. Little is actually known about the effect of a meteorite impact into layers of salt, since this is the only known scenario of such an event.

http://written-in-stone-seen-through-my-lens.blogspot.com/2011/05/enigma-of-upheaval-dome-diapiric-salt.html

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Inside Upheaval Dome

http://www.lpl.arizona.edu/grad/fieldtrips/2004f-canyonlands/

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One of my favorite geologists is Wayne Ranney. His blog rocks:

http://earthly-musings.blogspot.com/

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